Glossary Index of Parking Terms

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1-hour fire resistance

Rating that refers to the ability of a building component or assembly to withstand the effects of fire for a period of one hour without failing structurally or allowing the spread of fire through the assembly. It is a measure of the fire resistance or fire protection provided by the component or assembly. Depending on occupancy type, 2-, 3- and 4-hour rated walls may be required.

Accessible Parking

Designated parking spaces that are specifically reserved for individuals with disabilities. These parking spaces are designed to provide accessibility and convenience for individuals with mobility impairments, allowing them to access buildings, facilities, and services more easily. Accessible parking spaces are clearly marked with required signage and the International Symbol of Access (ISA), commonly known as the wheelchair symbol. These spaces are typically wider than standard parking spaces to accommodate accessible vehicles and provide sufficient space for individuals using mobility devices, such as wheelchairs or walkers.

Adaptive (Responsive) Lighting Technology

Lighting systems that can adjust their output, intensity, color, or distribution in response to specific conditions or inputs. The goal of adaptive lighting is to optimize lighting conditions for energy efficiency, user comfort, and visual performance by adapting to changing needs and environmental factors.

Aggregate length

Total length or cumulative length of aggregates used in construction or engineering applications. The aggregate length can be measured in different ways depending on the context. Total Length: In some cases, aggregate length refers to the combined length of all individual aggregate parts. This measurement can be important in estimating the quantity of aggregates needed for a specific calculation or project.

Air Outlet

A device or opening through which air is expelled or released from an enclosed space, system, or device. It is the point where air exits or is discharged from a particular location.

Ambient Lighting

The general or overall illumination provided in a space to create a comfortable and visually balanced environment. It serves as the base or background lighting in a room or area, providing a general level of brightness and ensuring that the space is adequately lit for various activities and tasks.

American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

A nonprofit, nonpartisan association that represents transportation departments and agencies in the United States. It was established in 1914 and serves as a forum for collaboration, knowledge sharing, and advocacy among transportation professionals. AASHTO is responsible for developing and maintaining various standards, guidelines, and specifications related to the design, construction, and maintenance of highways, bridges, and transportation systems.

American Concrete Institute

A professional organization dedicated to advancing the knowledge and practice of concrete technology. Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the ACI is recognized globally as a leading authority on concrete-related topics, standards, and best practices.

American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning (ASHRAE)

A professional society and global organization that focuses on advancing the fields of heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVAC&R) systems.  ASHRAE develops and publishes industry standards and guidelines that are widely recognized and followed in the HVAC&R field. These standards cover a wide range of topics, including energy efficiency, thermal comfort, ventilation, air quality, refrigeration, and building operation and maintenance.

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a comprehensive civil rights law in the United States that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities. It was signed into law on July 26, 1990, and aims to ensure equal opportunities and access for people with disabilities in various areas of life, including employment, public accommodations, transportation, and telecommunications.

Anthropometric Data

The knowledge of, and comparative measurements of the human form.

Architectural Mesh

Also known as architectural wire mesh or metal fabric, is a type of woven or welded mesh made from metal wires. It is specifically designed for architectural and interior design applications, offering a combination of aesthetic appeal, functionality, and versatility.

Artificial intelligence (AI)

Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the development of computer systems that can perform tasks that typically require human intelligence. AI involves the use of algorithms and computational models to enable machines to process and analyze data, make decisions, and learn from experience. It encompasses various subfields, such as machine learning, natural language processing, computer vision, and robotics. AI is used in numerous applications, including virtual assistants, autonomous vehicles, recommendation systems, fraud detection, and medical diagnosis, among others.

Attendant Parking

A system that relies on attendants (or valets) rather than on customers to park and retrieve their vehicles.

Autoturn driving simulation software

Autoturn is a driving simulation software that allows users to analyze and simulate vehicle movements in various scenarios. It is commonly used by architects, engineers, and urban planners to evaluate the maneuverability of vehicles within different design layouts, such as parking lots, driveways, and intersections. Autoturn can provide insights into turning radii, swept paths, and clearance requirements, helping professionals optimize designs for efficient and safe vehicle operations.

Automated Parking
(Automated Robotic Parking Structures)

Parking with the use of automation and machinery rather than self-park by patrons and employees.